According to a study conducted by the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, having belly fat may result in difficulty in breathing. Apart from primary contributors like smoking and diabetes, a large waist can impair lung function, causing a possibility of inflammation in the chest area. The researchers defined abdominal obesity as having a waist circumference of greater than 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men.
Posts Tagged ‘smoking’
Every year, tobacco kills 3.5 million people around the world or about 10,000 every day. And the World Health Organization estimates a million deaths occur in developing countries. Although a large numbers of smokers want to quit and some attempt to quit each year, only a handful succeed.
Cigarettes kill more people than alcohol, car accidents, suicide, AIDS, homicide and illegal drugs combined. Smoking is a major cause of cancers. These include the lung, larynx (voice box), pharynx (throat) and oesophagus.
Cigarettes are also a contributing cause in the development of cancers of the bladder, pancreas, liver, stomach, colon and rectum. Such cancers account for only about half of the deaths related to smoking. Smoking is also a major cause of heart disease, bronchitis, strokes and inevitably death.
Interestingly, lung cancer was a very rare disease before the invention of cigarettes in 1900. By the 1970s, lung cancer evolved from one of the rarest form of cncers to the number one killer cancer in the western world.
Cigarettes, cigars and pipe tobacco consist of dried tobacco leaves, as well as other flavor-enhancing ingredients. More than 4,000 individual compounds have been identified in tobacco and tobacco smoke. From this mix, these are more than 60 composite that are known carcinogens (cancer-causing agents).
Nicotine is the most common ingredient found in cigarettes and is more addictive than heroine, alcohol and cocaine. A single cigarette puff will cause a nicotine trigger in the brain of a smoker. This reaction then causes the brain to be more proficient in the processing information.
Because nicotine is the drug in tobacco that causes addiction, tolerance to the nicotine drug generally develops in the long run. It is at this point where there is an urge to increase cigarette doses to achieve the ususal feeling that could have been achieved from puffing a few sticks.
The entire theory that it is too late to quit smoking as the damage is already done is not true. In fact, people who stop smoking at younger ages experince the greatest health benefits from quitting. Those who quit by age 35 avoid 90% of the risk due to tobacco use. In fact, even smokers who quit after age 50 substancially reduce their risk of dying early.
Although a large number of smokers want to quit and some attempt to quit each year, only a handful succeed. The low rate of successful quitting and the high rate of relapse are due to the dependency that the mind and the body has over nicotine.
Most relapses occur within the first three months after quitting. Don’t be discouraged if you start smoking again. Remember, most people try several times before they finally quit.
- Gradual reduction
Gradually reducing the number of cigarettes you smoke is a common method used by many. Methods include smoking only half the cigarette or waiting an hour longer each a day before lighting up the next stick. This method steadily helps decrease nicotine addiction. The key factor here is self-discipline.
- Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
Also known as the most commonly used method worldwide to stop nicotine withdrawal symptoms and to avoid nicotine addiction, NRT is used to wean you off nicotine by replacing the very high concentrations of nicotine you get from smoking with much lower doses delivered at a slower rate.
NRT is a method of delivering nicotine without the harmful tar gasses and other harmful substances. There are several forms of nicotine replacement available – patches, gum, lozenge, nasal spray, inhalator and lollipops.
- Residential retreat programs
Such programs offer an excellent means of quitting smoking with a chance to surround yourself with the supporr of others who share your goals and may include:
- Several days away from family and work in a retreat-like setting
- Physicians to help you manage withdrawal symptoms.
I was a smoker back in med school. It was stupid and I bet it was peer-pressure and the fact that cigarettes were very very cheap in Russia.
I still remember they make fashionable cigarettes, suit women, colorful and smell great. However, i quit smoking after 2 years and never return.
Unless you’ve been living under a rock, you’ve probably heard that smoking isn’t great for your health, not to mention your wallet.
But if you need yet another reason to quit, look in the mirror, smoking ruins your looks. The chemical in the cigarette for example the nicotine, carbon monoxide, tar and lead reduce blood flow to the skin. Hence, this reduces circulating oxygen and break down the skin’s collagen and elastin.
All that leads to extensive wrinkling around the nose and the mouth and the worst part is – it is permanent. Smoking also reduces the water content of the skin’s outer layer, making it appear drier and more fragile.
I that isn’t bad enough to back you off, smoking is also associated with increased risk of psoriasis, skin cancers and hair loss. For a longer, more beautiful life, butt out people!